How to make a survival kit. In creating a
survival kit remember it’s important to
keep it simple because when it comes to
survival it’s easy to get lost in the
world of options. Also keep it small.
You’ll be more likely to take a
lightweight compact kit with you then
you will a large bulky kit. Number one:
Emergency contact. Let someone know where
you’ll be going
and when you’ll be back. Number two:
proper clothing. Bring layers for the
most extreme weather you’ll be facing
for the season. In the summer and warmer
climates that can usually be
accomplished with two layers. You should
be able to survive in cold weather with
just three or four layers. Have at least
one brightly colored layer that will be
easy to spot in an emergency. Number
three: bring a map. It’s not enough to
just have a map with you. In case you
lose the map, always have an exit
strategy before you start and know
whether you need to head eas, west, north
or south to the nearest road,
unobstructed by natural obstacles such
as canyons or rivers, and if you become
lost, stay put. Make noise and be seen.
Compass. You don’t need to have a super
fancy compass you won’t be trying to
find way points. You just need to be
headed in the right direction.
Number five: food. Bring enough food to
last the duration of your outing, plus
one day. The extra can be as simple as
several high-energy protein bars or a
sandwich bag filled with good old
raisins and peanuts.
Number six: water container. Use a metal
or plastic container that can store
enough water to sustain you through your
trip or between water sources. Many
survivalists say to use metal water
containers so you can sterilize your
water by boiling it, but it’s difficult
to find a sealed metal container that
isn’t lined with some sort of plastic
which is meant to minimize corrosion and
a metallic flavor to the water. Number
seven: Water purification. Boiling water
actually takes a lot of energy. Finding
wood, collecting water, boiling water, and
then cooling water, with a broken leg
could take hours. On the other hand, it
takes almost no time to insert a
lightweight filter straw into nearly any
water source to drink. Ultraviolet water
purifiers are nearly as fast and
allow you to purify more water at once.
There’s nothing like taking a big gulp
of water when you’re really thirsty.
Water pumps are another good option but
a bit heavier. Use iodine pills as a last
resort because they taste terrible, which
could add to an already uncomfortable
situation. Number 8: flint or lighter. Fire
steel is nearly indestructible and
diehard survivalists will tell you it’s
the only option.
However, flint can be tricky for even the
experienced. It requires very dry tender
and knife or steel to light. A Bic lighter
on the other hand can add speed in a
desperate situation because it combines
fire steel, striker, and fuel.They usually
work when they’re wet, but if you’re
really concerned, pack two in a ziplock
bag. Bring a knife. A knife is especially
helpful in gathering fuel when it’s wet.
A knife that also has a saw blade makes
it possible to gather wood from small
standing dead trees and branches that
are drier inside because they’re not
absorbing moisture from the ground.
Number 10: headlamp. Make sure your
headlamp has a blinking option so it can
be set out as an emergency light beacon.
It’s always a good idea to have a spare
pair of batteries too. Number 11:
whistle. You can yell for help for about
15 to 30 minutes before losing your
voice, whereas a small whistle can be
blown indefinitely with little effort.
first aid. A basic first-aid kit should
include band-aids, ibuprofen and a
compression wrap. Number 13: emergency blanket.
For most situations a light
mylar emergency blanket or space blanket
is sufficient. Just make sure to get new
one every year or so because the edges
of the thin plastic wears as its jostle
around in your pack while you’re hiking.
More active outdoor enthusiasts might
prefer a thicker emergency bivvi or tarp
which is reflective on one side and
bright colored on the other to signal
for help. An emergency tarp is better for
extreme weather too and regular use as
an alternative shelter to tent camping.
Number 14: cell phone or emergency beacon.
Cell phones are a great tool for
summoning help if you have cell phone
coverage. Many people get themselves in
trouble by assuming they’ll have
coverage in the wilderness but that’s
often not the case. However an emergency
satellite beacon is an excellent
alternative because it works in nearly
every location open to the sky.
However subscription costs
our deterrent for some and electronic
devices should never be completely
relied on since they have batteries and
Number 15: make a list of these items and
check them regularly when packing and
keep in mind that many wilderness
emergencies occur after a series of
safety measures fail. Making sure you
have all your safety gear in place
increases your chance of survival.
How to make a survival kit. In creating a